Published Sources – Dave G Plus http://davegplus.com/ Fri, 23 Sep 2022 07:57:45 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://davegplus.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/default-138x136.png Published Sources – Dave G Plus http://davegplus.com/ 32 32 Historians pull out the red pen to brag about the written language https://davegplus.com/historians-pull-out-the-red-pen-to-brag-about-the-written-language/ Fri, 23 Sep 2022 07:38:24 +0000 https://davegplus.com/historians-pull-out-the-red-pen-to-brag-about-the-written-language/ A Facebook meme extolling the modern benefits of colonization has made the curious claim that written language is the product of Western civilization. The allegation is false. History experts date written forms of language as far back as Mesopotamia about 5,500 years ago, long before most forms of “Western” civilization. The same was widely shared […]]]>

A Facebook meme extolling the modern benefits of colonization has made the curious claim that written language is the product of Western civilization.

The allegation is false. History experts date written forms of language as far back as Mesopotamia about 5,500 years ago, long before most forms of “Western” civilization.

The same was widely shared on social media after the death of Queen Elizabeth II, like this Facebook postamong debate on British colonialism. It is taken from an Instagram story about the influencer Dean Wells Account. Its link with history, which has been the subject of a Daily Mail Australia article, appears more clearly in this post.

The meme reads: “To all the people complaining about ‘colonialism’ from their iPhones, powered by electricity, using written language, from inside a building that constantly has l running water, plumbing, air conditioning and all the other modern conveniences that western civilization has enabled us all to live the most comfortable, prosperous, secure and privileged life of all humans in the whole story… Please STFU or go back to living in the bush.

The meme on Facebook makes many claims about the positive modern results of colonialism.

However, experts say including ‘written language’ as one of the benefits of Western civilization is a mistake, with one calling it an ‘ignorant rave’.

John McWhorterassociate professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University, wrote the 2003 book The power of Babel: a natural history of language.

“As far as we know, the written language appeared in Mesopotamia around 5,500 years ago. I’m not sure that counts as a ‘Western civilization,'” Dr McWhorter said. AAP Fact Check by email

In the first chapter of his book, Dr. McWhorter writes: “Our first concrete records of language come with the first written records: Sumerian cuneiform inventories, Egyptian hieroglyph stories, Maya inscriptions.”

A British library writing says that complete writing systems appear to have been invented independently at least four times in human history, first in Mesopotamia (now Iraq) where cuneiform was used between 3400BC and 3300BC. Cuneiform is a writing system used in ancient middle east.

An essay on The Evolution of Writing, published in the International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciencesalso sources writing in Mesopotamia, circa 3200 BC, with other writing systems also developing independently in China and Mesoamerica – which encompassed much of present-day Central America and southern Mexico.

Mesopotamian cuneiform
The Chronicle of Nebuchadnezzar is an example of Mesopotamian cuneiform dating from around 600 BCE.

Professor Mark Zendera linguist, epigrapher, and archaeologist from Tulane University, recounted AAP Fact Check the claim in the Facebook post is false.

“If we were inclined to be charitable…then we strength to say that the specific type of writing referenced by the OP – i.e. a Roman alphabet typed into an iPhone – was certainly disseminated by what we might call Western civilization (i.e. the Roman Republic and Empire, and later the Roman Catholic religion),” Dr Zender said in an email.

This Britannica essay explains how the invention of the alphabet is considered a major achievement of Western civilization, but also the final, and relatively recent, step in the evolution of writing.

“But that would be a pretty narrow definition and asking questions,” Dr. Zender said.

“And even then the alphabet has a much longer history, going back to the Proto-Sinaitic script Semitic speakers in Egypt and Sinai around 1850 BCE, so any claim of “invention” by Western civilization must be dismissed. The alphabet is also not the first/oldest writing system, of course, since writing was invented on at least five independent occasions according to our best information at present, the oldest being either the Sumerian cuneiform or the Egyptian hieroglyph, both appearing around 3200 BCE. .

“Finally, other writing systems are of course used on iPhones even today, such as Chinese and Japanese scripts, which are certainly distinct from what one might call a product of ‘Western Civilization’. , regardless of its magnitude.

Ancient hieroglyphs from an Egyptian temple (archive image)
Hieroglyphs in the chambers of the Abu Simbel temple in southern Egypt, dating from the 13th century BCE.

Richard Solomonprofessor emeritus of Sanskrit at the University of Washington, is less charitable, calling the meme an “ignorant rave.”

“It is now firmly established that the written language was independently invented at least three and probably four times in history: Egypt and/or Mesopotamia; China; Mesoamerica; and possibly India,” Prof Salomon said. AAP Fact Check in an email.

“’Our’ writing is ultimately and indirectly derived from Egyptian with Semitic relays (Canaanites, Phoenicians), then via Greek, Etruscan and Latin. I guess by “Western” he means Euro-American or just “white”. In any case, the complaint makes no sense; written language is not the invention of “Western civilization” in any significant sense. »

The verdict

The claim that written language was invented by Western civilization is false. All evidence points to the origins of the written language emerging in Mesopotamia around 5,500 years ago, a consensus view supported by language history experts.

Fake – The request is incorrect.

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Scientists discover an invisible phenomenon https://davegplus.com/scientists-discover-an-invisible-phenomenon/ Wed, 21 Sep 2022 03:06:18 +0000 https://davegplus.com/scientists-discover-an-invisible-phenomenon/ This discovery is a step towards a much more accessible superconductivity. It might be possible to develop superconductors operating at room temperature with a better understanding of the relationship between spin liquids and superconductivity, which would transform our daily lives. Superconductors hold enormous technical and economic promise for applications such as high-speed aerotrains, MRI machines, […]]]>

This discovery is a step towards a much more accessible superconductivity.

It might be possible to develop superconductors operating at room temperature with a better understanding of the relationship between spin liquids and superconductivity, which would transform our daily lives.

Superconductors hold enormous technical and economic promise for applications such as high-speed aerotrains, MRI machines, efficient power lines, quantum computing, and other technologies. However, their usefulness is limited because superconductivity requires extremely low temperatures. It is very difficult to integrate them with modern technology due to this demanding and costly requirement.

The electrical resistance of a superconductor has a specific critical temperature beyond which it drops sharply to zero, unlike an ordinary metallic conductor, whose resistance gradually decreases as the temperature drops, even down to near absolute zero.

The search for superconductors that do not require such low temperatures is the primary objective of current research in superconductivity. The mechanism by which these superconductors work is the biggest mystery in this field, to which no one has an answer. Understanding the process that creates high temperature superconductivity would allow for more practical applications.

A recent study by scientists at Israel’s Bar-Ilan University and recently published in the journal Nature makes progress in solving this lingering mystery. Using a scanning magnetic microscope SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device), the researchers photographed a phenomenon that was previously invisible to other techniques.

Scientists were surprised when high temperature superconductors were first discovered. Scientists had assumed that good superconductivity would be found in metals. Contrary to predictions, it was found that insulating ceramic materials are the best superconductors.

The discovery of properties common to these ceramic materials can help identify the origin of their superconductivity and improve critical temperature control. One of these properties is that the electrons of these materials strongly resist each other. So they can’t move freely. Rather, they are trapped inside a periodic lattice structure.

Electrons have two defining properties: their charge (a moving charge produces an electric current) and their spin. Spin is the quantum property of electrons responsible for their magnetic properties. It is as if a small bar magnet was attached to each electron. In ordinary materials, charge and spin are “embedded” in electrons and cannot be separated.

However, in special quantum materials called “quantum spin liquids”, interactions between electrons allow for a unique phenomenon whereby each electron is split into two particles, one charged (but spinless) and one with spin (and spinless) . Such quantum spin liquids can exist in high temperature superconductors and, in fact, their existence could explain why the superconductivity of these materials is so good.

The challenge is that these spin liquids are “invisible” to conventional measurements. Even when we suspect that a material may be a spin liquid, no experiment could verify it or probe its nature. This is similar to dark matter which does not interact with light and is therefore very difficult to detect.

The current study, led by Professor Beena Kalisky and doctoral student Eylon Persky from Bar-Ilan University’s Department of Physics and their collaborators, is an important step towards developing a method to study spin liquids. The researchers examined the properties of a spin liquid by having it interact with a superconductor. They used an engineered material composed of alternating atomic layers of the superconductor and the candidate spin liquid.

“Unlike spin liquids which generate no signal, superconductors have clear and easy to measure magnetic signatures. So we were able to study the properties of the spin liquid by measuring the small changes it generated in the superconductor,” says Persky. The researchers used a scanning SQUID – an extremely sensitive magnetic sensor capable of detecting both magnetism and superconductivity – to study the properties of the heterostructure.

“We observed vortices created in the superconductor. These vortices are circulating electric currents, each containing a quantum of magnetic flux. The only way to create such vortices is to apply a magnetic field, but in our case, the vortices created spontaneously,” Kalisky explains. This observation showed that the material itself generated a magnetic field. The biggest surprise came when this field did not show up in a direct measurement. “Amazingly, we found that the magnetic field created by the material was invisible for direct magnetic measurement,” Kalisky adds.

The results revealed a “hidden” magnetic phase, which was exposed in the experiment by interaction with the superconducting layer. Working with groups from Bar-Ilan University, the Technion, the Weizmann Institute, the University of California at Berkeley, and the Georgia Institute of Technology, the researchers concluded that this magnetic phase was likely the direct result of the relationship between the spin liquid layer and the superconducting layer. The hidden magnetism is the result of spin-charge separation in the spin liquid. The superconductor reacts to this magnetism and this generates vortices without the need for a “real” magnetic field.

This is in fact the first direct observation of the link between these two phases of matter. These results provide access to elusive properties of spin liquids, such as interactions between electrons. The results also open the door to the engineering of additional layered materials, through which the relationship between superconductivity and other electronic phases could be investigated. Further studies on the relationship between spin liquids and superconductivity could lead to the design of superconductors that work at room temperature, which, in turn, would change our daily lives.

Reference: “Magnetic memory and spontaneous vortices in a van der Waals superconductor” by Eylon Persky, Anders V. Bjørlig, Irena Feldman, Avior Almoalem, Ehud Altman, Erez Berg, Itamar Kimchi, Jonathan Ruhman, Amit Kanigel and Beena Kalisky, July 27 2022, Nature.
DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04855-2

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Mark Frerichs: American held captive in Afghanistan for more than 2 years is freed in prisoner exchange https://davegplus.com/mark-frerichs-american-held-captive-in-afghanistan-for-more-than-2-years-is-freed-in-prisoner-exchange/ Mon, 19 Sep 2022 15:21:00 +0000 https://davegplus.com/mark-frerichs-american-held-captive-in-afghanistan-for-more-than-2-years-is-freed-in-prisoner-exchange/ CNN — Mark Frerichs, an American detained in Afghanistan for more than two years, was released in a prisoner swap, a senior Biden administration official confirmed Monday. “Bringing Mark home has been a top priority for President Biden and his national security team,” the official said. Haji Bashir Noorzai, a prominent member of the Taliban, […]]]>



CNN

Mark Frerichs, an American detained in Afghanistan for more than two years, was released in a prisoner swap, a senior Biden administration official confirmed Monday.

“Bringing Mark home has been a top priority for President Biden and his national security team,” the official said.

Haji Bashir Noorzai, a prominent member of the Taliban, who was jailed in the United States for drug trafficking for 17 years, was granted clemency as part of the deal, the official said.

Frerichs, a Navy veteran from Illinois, was kidnapped in late January 2020 while doing construction work in Afghanistan. It is believed that he was held by the Haqqani network, which is a faction of the Taliban. He disappeared less than a month before the US signed a peace deal with the Taliban.

Frerichs was able to board the plane alone, a source familiar with the matter said, and his physical and mental condition appears to be good. He is currently in Doha, Qatar.

Frerichs’ family congratulated Biden on securing his release, with his sister, Charlene Cakora, saying in a statement, “There were people arguing against the deal that brought Mark home, but President Biden did what was right. He saved the life of an innocent American veteran.

“I am so happy to hear that my brother is safe and on his way home. Our family has prayed for this every day of the more than 31 months he has been hostage,” Cakora said. “We never gave up hope that he would survive and return home safely.”

Earlier this year, The New Yorker published a video of Frerichs pleading for his release – the first time the Illinois native had been seen in years.

“I patiently waited for my release,” Frerichs says in the brief video, which he says is recorded on Nov. 28, 2021.

Since his brother’s kidnapping, Cakora has called on the US government to do more to secure his release, stepping up those calls in the run-up to a US withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2021.

Earlier this year, the Biden administration secured the release of U.S.-Afghan Navy reservist Safi Rauf and his brother Anees Khalil, a U.S. green card holder, who had been held by the Taliban since December.

The Biden administration undertook months of negotiations with the Taliban to secure Frerichs’ freedom, a senior administration official said Monday, and the president decided in June to grant clemency to Noorzai if it would lead to the release of captive American.

Speaking on a call with reporters, the official said it had become clear that releasing Noorzai was “key to securing Mark’s expected freedom”, but that the decision on clemency for the trafficker Afghan drug dealer was “difficult”.

The administration sees no equivalence between Noorzai, who was serving a 17-year sentence in the United States, and Frerichs. Noorzai was not detained at Guantanamo Bay, despite reports that he was, the official said.

“We consulted with US government experts, who felt that Noorzai’s (release) in Afghanistan would not materially change the risks to Americans emanating from the country or the nature of drug trafficking there,” the official said. .

Weeks after Biden made the decision on Noorzai, the president authorized the strike that killed al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri in Kabul.

“As we also said publicly at the time, we told the Taliban immediately after the strike, that we would hold them directly responsible should anything harm happen to Mark, and that the best way for them to start restoring confidence with the United States, with the world, was to release Mark immediately,” the official said.

The official said the window of opportunity for the exchange finally presented itself this month and the administration “acted very quickly.” But they would not say where Frerichs had been held during his more than two years in captivity, nor would they say if the United States had given anything else to the Taliban for Frerichs’ release.

A second senior administration official said the United States would continue to impress on the Taliban that they had to end the hostage-taking if they wanted to be recognized by the international community.

The first official would not say if the Taliban are keeping other Americans at home. They said they were aware of the case of American filmmaker Ivor Shearer and his producer, who Journalists Protection Committee said they were arrested by the Taliban in August, but did not provide further details.

This story has been updated with additional details.

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Iran’s Khamenei appears in pubis after reports of poor health | New https://davegplus.com/irans-khamenei-appears-in-pubis-after-reports-of-poor-health-new/ Sat, 17 Sep 2022 09:43:04 +0000 https://davegplus.com/irans-khamenei-appears-in-pubis-after-reports-of-poor-health-new/ The appearance of Iran’s supreme leader comes after unconfirmed reports that the 83-year-old is “seriously ill”. Tehran, Iran – Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Hosseini Khamenei made his first public appearance on Saturday after reports of poor health over the past week. Dressed in black and wearing a mask as he has done since the start […]]]>

The appearance of Iran’s supreme leader comes after unconfirmed reports that the 83-year-old is “seriously ill”.

Tehran, Iran – Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Hosseini Khamenei made his first public appearance on Saturday after reports of poor health over the past week.

Dressed in black and wearing a mask as he has done since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, Khamenei took part in a mourning event to mark Arbaeen’s Shia religious observance.

The annual ceremony with the participation of the supreme leader is held with representatives of student groups, but had been canceled for the past two years due to the coronavirus epidemic.

Footage posted by Khamenei’s website showed the supreme leader walking, waving to the crowds and sitting down to observe the mourning ceremony.

His appearance comes after several unconfirmed reports that the 83-year-old leader fell “seriously ill”.

The New York Times on Friday evening, citing four unnamed sources, reported that Khamenei’s health deteriorated last week when he began experiencing severe stomach pains, which led to him suffering a surgery for bowel obstruction.

This too reported he was too weak to even sit down and canceled all public meetings.

The Iranian government or state media rarely comment on details of Khamenei’s health and have also been silent on the reports.

The only news in local media was a denial that Khamenei had canceled a meeting with the Assembly of Experts earlier this month, and claims to have attended an event last week with athletes and veterans of the sport.

No images or footage of this reported meeting have been released, but a few athletes attested to the gathering on social media.

Reports regarding Khamenei’s health and false claims about his death have repeatedly made headlines in recent years.

Khamenei, who has been Iran’s supreme leader since 1989, underwent successful prostate cancer surgery in 2014.

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Thousands of other mourners will be able to pay their respects to Queen as the hearse travels the A roads https://davegplus.com/thousands-of-other-mourners-will-be-able-to-pay-their-respects-to-queen-as-the-hearse-travels-the-a-roads/ Thu, 15 Sep 2022 21:50:37 +0000 https://davegplus.com/thousands-of-other-mourners-will-be-able-to-pay-their-respects-to-queen-as-the-hearse-travels-the-a-roads/ Thousands of other mourners will be able to pay their respects to the Queen as the hearse carrying her coffin from London to Windsor will travel on A roads and avoid the M4, sources say Revealed last night that it will be driving on A30 and will probably also be driving on A4 Post-burial itinerary […]]]>

Thousands of other mourners will be able to pay their respects to the Queen as the hearse carrying her coffin from London to Windsor will travel on A roads and avoid the M4, sources say

  • Revealed last night that it will be driving on A30 and will probably also be driving on A4
  • Post-burial itinerary could be released as soon as Friday so mourners can plan
  • The funeral at Westminster Abbey will end around noon next Monday
  • Warnings 350,000 mourners will miss the chance to visit the Queen in state
  • Queen’s funeral: All the latest news and coverage from the royal family

The Queen’s final journey after the funeral will avoid the motorways and stick to the slower A roads – giving thousands of other Britons the chance to pay their last respects as her coffin passes.

The Daily Mail understands the hearse carrying her from Westminster to Windsor will not travel on the M4, which would be the quickest route.

Sources revealed last night that it will be driving on the A30 and is likely to be driving on the A4 as well. The full itinerary after the funeral could be released today so mourners can make plans.

An insider said: ‘All other royals will go on the M4.

Traveling along the A roads west of London to Berkshire means it will be easier for mourners to queue and pay their respects. The choice of route comes after warnings that up to 350,000 mourners will miss the chance to visit his lie in Westminster due to massive waits in the queue.

People watch the hearse carrying the coffin of Queen Elizabeth II, after she died last Thursday, after leaving RAF Northolt in London on Tuesday. The Queen’s final journey after Monday’s funeral will avoid motorways and stick to slower A roads – giving thousands of other Britons the chance to pay their last respects as her coffin passes

The coffin of Queen Elizabeth II leaving RAF Northolt in London and taken to Buckingham Palace on Tuesday.  The Daily Mail understands the hearse carrying the Queen from Westminster to Windsor after her funeral on Monday will not travel on the M4, which would be the quickest route

The coffin of Queen Elizabeth II leaving RAF Northolt in London and taken to Buckingham Palace on Tuesday. The Daily Mail understands the hearse carrying the Queen from Westminster to Windsor after her funeral on Monday will not travel on the M4, which would be the quickest route

People gather near Marble Arch as the hearse carrying Queen Elizabeth II's coffin travels from RAF Northolt to Buckingham Palace in London on Tuesday.  Sources revealed last night that the Queen's coffin will be driven on the A30 and is also expected to take the A4 after her funeral on Monday.

People gather near Marble Arch as the hearse carrying Queen Elizabeth II’s coffin travels from RAF Northolt to Buckingham Palace in London on Tuesday. Sources revealed last night that the Queen’s coffin will be driven on the A30 and is also expected to take the A4 after her funeral on Monday.

Former Tory Cabinet minister David Jones, who called for an extended post-burial itinerary, said last night: ‘I think it’s very important that as many people as possible have the opportunity to pay their final respects in sight of the coffin, so it makes sense that it wouldn’t be done all the way down the highway, because people wouldn’t be able to do it there.

“It’s very difficult because there are so many people who want to pay tribute, so maximizing the number of people who can is a good thing.” Earlier this week, The Mail’s Robert Hardman made the case for extending the post-burial route so more Britons can say goodbye. The funeral at Westminster Abbey will end around noon next Monday.

At 12:15 p.m., the Queen’s children and other members of the Royal Family will walk behind her coffin to Wellington Arch. It is understood that after the hearse has left it will hit the roads of Hyde Park to give mourners another chance to pay their respects. Large screens will be set up in the park for people to watch the service. The hearse will arrive at the Long Walk, Windsor, at 3.15pm, where the public can also say goodbye before the Queen lies next to her beloved husband Prince Philip.

The plan for the procession is based on that used for the Queen Mother who was buried in Windsor in 2002. The route taken from London to Northamptonshire after Princess Diana’s funeral in 1997 was lengthened to the 11th hour due to the tremendous outpouring of grief over his death.

The day before the service at Westminster Abbey, his coffin was moved from St James’s Palace to his former home at Kensington Palace, adding an extra mile.

It meant thousands more mourners could line the roads of London as the hearse began the journey to its family home in Northamptonshire.

The Queen will remain in state at Westminster Hall until Monday’s funeral, with 400,000 mourners expected to file past her coffin. But 350,000 could miss out as the queue could close on Saturday night if there isn’t enough time for those at the back to reach the front.

The Queen: Everything you need to know after her death and a look back at her 70-year reign

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How the Arizona Republic/azcentral will cover the general election https://davegplus.com/how-the-arizona-republic-azcentral-will-cover-the-general-election/ Sun, 11 Sep 2022 14:30:46 +0000 https://davegplus.com/how-the-arizona-republic-azcentral-will-cover-the-general-election/ The Arizona Republic is covering the 2022 general election to provide clear information about Arizona’s candidates, their positions, and the voting process. This news organization has been writing about elections in Arizona for more than 130 years, since 1890. This year, we want to specify in advance what we will do and why. The emotions […]]]>

The Arizona Republic is covering the 2022 general election to provide clear information about Arizona’s candidates, their positions, and the voting process.

This news organization has been writing about elections in Arizona for more than 130 years, since 1890.

This year, we want to specify in advance what we will do and why. The emotions aroused since 2020 demand that we clarify our intentions.

We’ll provide full coverage of the candidates in all major races so you’ll know clearly who you’re voting for. These include the US Senate race, US House races and major state offices up for grabs this year including Governor, Secretary of State, Attorney General, Superintendent of Schools and the Arizona Corporation Commission.

It also includes coverage of the 10 ballot measures passed statewide, key races in Phoenix-area cities, and school board races.

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Journalist Ivan Safronov sentenced to 22 years in Russian prison for treason https://davegplus.com/journalist-ivan-safronov-sentenced-to-22-years-in-russian-prison-for-treason/ Mon, 05 Sep 2022 15:13:10 +0000 https://davegplus.com/journalist-ivan-safronov-sentenced-to-22-years-in-russian-prison-for-treason/ Comment this story Comment RIGA, Latvia — A Russian court has sentenced former investigative journalist Ivan Safronov to 22 years in prison for treason, a grim resolution to one of the most high-profile prosecutions of a journalist in Russia in years. The harsh sentence is just the latest episode in Russia’s crackdown on media and […]]]>

Comment

RIGA, Latvia — A Russian court has sentenced former investigative journalist Ivan Safronov to 22 years in prison for treason, a grim resolution to one of the most high-profile prosecutions of a journalist in Russia in years.

The harsh sentence is just the latest episode in Russia’s crackdown on media and freedom of expression that has shut down almost all independent media outlets in the country and imposed tough regulations on coverage of the ongoing conflict in neighboring Ukraine. .

Safronov was arrested in July 2020 and has been in pre-trial detention ever since. Investigators from the FSB, Russia’s domestic intelligence service, accused him of passing state secrets to German and Czech agents between 2015 and 2017, when he was a military and space reporter for the Kommersant business daily. . The trial was held behind closed doors and the evidence was not made public.

Fleeing Putin’s Wartime Crackdown, Russian Journalists Build Media Centers in Exile

Safronov’s supporters say the FSB amplified the charges in retaliation for his journalistic work focusing on secret deals on the Russian arms trade and exposing the misadventures of the country’s Defense Ministry.

In a clip from the courtroom, published by Rain TV, Safronov’s supporters cheered and chanted “Freedom! after the verdict was delivered. “I love you,” Safronov replied before being ushered out of the courtroom cage.

A leaked indictment, published by Russian investigative outlet Proekt, suggests that documents Safronov allegedly obtained from “persons with access to state secrets” and passed to Western intelligence services were in the public domain.

According to Proekt, Safronov agreed to contribute to a publication that employed his friend, Czech national Martin Larysh, and later wrote for political analyst Dmitry Voronin, who worked for a German-Swiss consulting firm. Analytical exhibits Safronov sent to Larysh and Voronin, whom the FSB accuses of being Czech and German agents respectively, formed the basis of the indictment against him.

Proekt says the information in Safronov’s articles was already available in Kommersant, a number of Russian and international media, the state news agency RIA Novosti and on the Russian Defense Ministry website.

The report also notes that during the preliminary investigation, Safronov unsuccessfully requested that prosecutors allow him access to a computer so that he could extract allegedly classified information from online sources.

“It is clear to us that the reason for the persecution of Ivan Safronov is not ‘treason’, which is not supported by anything, but his journalistic work and the articles he published without holding take into account the opinion of the Defense Ministry and Russian authorities,” Russian investigative newspaper Kholod said in a letter calling on Russian authorities to release the journalist.

Long-beleaguered Russian independent media reeling under Putin’s new crackdown

The prosecution initially requested 24 years in prison, just one year less than the maximum sentence. Safronov’s lawyer, Yevgeny Smirnov, said last week that moments before announcing their plea for sentencing, the prosecutor turned to the journalist and offered him a deal: if he pleads guilty, the sentence would be halved. Safronov refused.

Safronov’s career at Kommersant spanned a decade. He first joined the newspaper as an intern, but quickly rose through the ranks and became one of Russia’s most prominent correspondents covering the defense and space industries. His father, also named Ivan, worked for the same newspaper covering military affairs and died under mysterious circumstances after falling from a window of his building in Moscow.

Safronov’s friends and family told Proekt that he regularly received job offers from ministries and state-owned companies — often the same ones he covered — but turned them down to stick to the journalism.

In 2019, Safronov quit Kommersant after a scoop over the impending resignation of Russia’s parliament speaker, an apparent leak that angered officials, who pressured the paper to fire the journalist. Safronov then worked as an adviser to the head of Russian space company Roscosmos for a few months before his arrest.

Cases of state treason are rare in Russia, but are increasingly seen as a way for security services to pressure journalists, scientists and others researching sensitive government issues . Trials are always held behind closed doors and the grounds for prosecution are rarely made public.

Ivan Pavlov, who represented Safronov until Russian authorities accused him of leaking details of a preliminary investigation and forced him to flee the country, which once specialized in defending espionage and treason.

In a 2018 report, he wrote: “There are more and more ‘espionage’ cases in Russia every year, but very little is known about them, and when information comes out, it raises significant doubts. .

“[Charges] intended to punish foreign intelligence agents are applied to housewives, shop assistants, scientists and pensioners,” Pavlov said at the time. “Such cases are investigated and reviewed under a veil of secrecy, which makes it easy for law enforcement officers to violate the rights of the accused and generally make up cases at the improvised, for the spectacle. We tried to lift this veil.

Another Safronov lawyer, Dmitry Talantov, who succeeded Pavlov, was arrested on charges under Russia’s “false news laws” and faces up to 10 years in prison.

In another grim step for Russian media, one of Russia’s last independent outlets, Novaya Gazeta, was officially stripped of its media license on Monday, making it impossible for the newspaper to operate legally inside the country.

Novaya Gazeta, a key investigative media outlet established in 1993 and edited by Nobel laureate Dmitry Muratov, ceased operations in March shortly after the start of the war in Ukraine after receiving warnings from Russia’s technology and media regulator. communications.

Some of its staff left Russia to launch a new publication, Novaya Gazeta Europe, but the regulator also banned its website in Russia.

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Use of nirmatrelvir and severe consequences of Covid-19 during Omicron surge https://davegplus.com/use-of-nirmatrelvir-and-severe-consequences-of-covid-19-during-omicron-surge/ Thu, 01 Sep 2022 14:42:15 +0000 https://davegplus.com/use-of-nirmatrelvir-and-severe-consequences-of-covid-19-during-omicron-surge/ study design This observational, retrospective cohort study was based on data obtained from electronic medical records of members of Clalit Health Services (CHS), a large healthcare organization that covers approximately 52% of the entire Israeli population and nearly two-thirds of the elderly. The study period began on January 9, 2022, which was the first day […]]]>

study design

This observational, retrospective cohort study was based on data obtained from electronic medical records of members of Clalit Health Services (CHS), a large healthcare organization that covers approximately 52% of the entire Israeli population and nearly two-thirds of the elderly. The study period began on January 9, 2022, which was the first day nirmatrelvir was administered to CHS members, and ended on March 31, 2022. During the study period, the variant omicron was the dominant strain in Israel (see Fig. S1 in the Supplementary Appendix, available with the full text of this article on NEJM.org).

Study population

The study population included all CHS members aged 40 or older, who had confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, had been diagnosed with Covid-19 on an outpatient basis, had been assessed as at high risk of progression to serious disease and were deemed eligible to receive treatment with nirmatrelvir. High-risk patients were identified based on a risk model developed by the CHS to assess the risk of severe Covid-19 in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2; details are provided in the supplementary annex. Patients were included in the study cohort if they had a risk score of at least 2 points; details are provided in Table S1. Patients were eligible for inclusion if diagnosed with Covid-19 on or before February 24, 2022. Eligibility to receive antiviral treatment considered drug interactions and other contraindications, as described in the nirmatrelvir prescribing information.3 For each patient, follow-up ended at the earliest of the following times: 35 days after diagnosis of Covid-19, the end of the study period, or the time of data censoring if the patient died during the study period for reasons unrelated to Covid-19.

Most patients who were tested for Covid-19 during the study period underwent such tests due to the onset of symptoms. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and state-regulated antigen testing were available free of charge upon patient request. However, no screening for SARS-CoV-2 was performed, even when a patient had been exposed to someone with confirmed Covid-19. CHS policy stated that antiviral therapy should be initiated in eligible patients as soon as possible after testing positive for SARS-CoV-2, in accordance with FDA prescribing information.3 Each CHS district was responsible for administering nirmatrelvir treatment in patients’ homes and verifying adherence to the treatment regimen. High-risk patients who had a contraindication to nirmatrelvir were offered treatment with molnupiravir, which was available in Israel from January 16, 2022. Patients who resided in long-term care facilities and patients who had been hospitalized before or on the same day as a positive SARS-CoV-2 test were excluded from the study, as were patients who received treatment with molnupiravir or the anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibodies tixagevimab and cilgavimab.

The study was approved by the CHS Community Helsinki and Data Utilization committees. The study was exempt from the requirement to obtain informed consent due to the retrospective design.

Data sources and organization

We assessed the integrated patient-level data that was maintained by the CHS from two main sources: the primary care operational database and the Covid-19 database. The operational database includes comprehensive sociodemographic and clinical information, such as coexisting chronic conditions, community care visits, medications, and lab test results. The Covid-19 database includes results from PCR and state-regulated rapid antigen tests, vaccinations, hospitalizations and deaths related to Covid-19. These same databases were used in the primary studies that evaluated the efficacy of the BNT162b2 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech) in a real setting in Israel.6.7 A description of the data repositories that were used in this study is provided in the supplementary appendix. For each patient in the study, the following sociodemographic data were extracted: age, sex, sector of the population (generalist Jew, ultra-Orthodox Jew or Arab) and socioeconomic status score (ranging from 1 [lowest] at 10 [highest]; details are provided in the additional annex). The following clinical data were extracted: Covid-19 vaccination dates, dates and results of state-regulated PCR and rapid antigen tests, Covid-19 antiviral therapies, hospitalizations and deaths. Data regarding the following clinical risk factors for severe Covid-19 were also collected: immunosuppression, diabetes mellitus, asthma, hypertension, neurological disease, current cancer disease, chronic liver disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic renal failure, chronic heart disease, obesity. , history of stroke or smoking, and recent hospitalizations (within the previous 3 years) for any cause. Additionally, estimated glomerular filtration rate was extracted when available.

Study results

The primary endpoint of the study was hospitalization due to Covid-19. The secondary outcome was death due to Covid-19.

Subgroup analyzes of primary and secondary outcomes were performed to determine the effect of SARS-CoV-2 immunity status. Patients were divided into two categories according to their immune status: those who had previously acquired prior immunity (vaccine-induced, infection-induced, or a hybrid of the two) and those who did not have prior immunity (non-immune). vaccinated or vaccinated with a single mRNA dose of vaccine and no prior documented infection with SARS-CoV-2). This classification was based on Israeli Health Ministry guidelines, which refer to people who receive only a single dose of mRNA vaccine and unvaccinated people as having similar immunity.

Statistical analyzes

All eligible members of the CHS were included in the analysis, in accordance with the study design. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the patients in the study. Since the independent variable (nirmatrelvir treatment) varied over time, univariate and multivariate survival analyzes were performed with time-dependent covariates.

For patients who did not receive nirmatrelvir treatment, time zero was when each patient was diagnosed with Covid-19. For patients who received treatment with nirmatrelvir, time zero was when a patient started treatment. In order to avoid an immortal temporal bias,8 we performed a time-dependent analysis in which a time-varying covariate was used to indicate the start of treatment for each treated patient. In this analysis, patients who received nirmatrelvir were transferred from the ‘untreated’ at-risk set to the ‘treated’ at-risk set at the start of treatment, changing their treatment status from untreated to treated. Therefore, follow-up of nirmatrelvir-treated patients began at the end of the immortal period.

A sensitivity analysis assessed the magnitude of the nirmatrelvir treatment effect from day 3 of follow-up by excluding patients who were hospitalized within 2 days of the start of follow-up. This approach allowed comparability with the EPIC-HR trial, in which patients were excluded if the need for hospitalization within 2 days of randomisation was anticipated.4

The association between nirmatrelvir treatment and Covid-19 outcomes was estimated using a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model with time-dependent covariates; adjustment was made for socio-demographic factors and co-existing conditions. Since many clinical and sociodemographic factors are potential confounders, two-step test criteria were applied for the selection of covariates. First, a Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis with a log-rank test was applied to assess the associations between each independent candidate variable and the time-dependent primary outcome. Then, a comparison of survival curves and Schoenfeld’s global test was used to test the proportional hazards hypothesis for these variables. Variables that met these two test criteria served as inputs for the multivariate regression analysis. An additional multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the association between each of the covariates and taking nirmatrelvir treatment.

Statistical software R, version 3.5.0 (R Foundation), was used for univariate and multivariate survival analyzes with time-dependent covariates. SPSS software, version 26 (IBM), was used for all other statistical analyses.

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Pogba says threatened by gangs after brother promises ‘big reveals’ https://davegplus.com/pogba-says-threatened-by-gangs-after-brother-promises-big-reveals/ Sun, 28 Aug 2022 13:10:25 +0000 https://davegplus.com/pogba-says-threatened-by-gangs-after-brother-promises-big-reveals/ A statement signed by his lawyers, his mother Yeo Moriba and current agent Rafaela Pimenta says the videos posted Saturday night “are unfortunately not a surprise”. “They add to threats and extortion attempts by an organized gang against Paul Pogba,” the statement read. “The competent authorities in Italy and France were informed a month ago […]]]>

A statement signed by his lawyers, his mother Yeo Moriba and current agent Rafaela Pimenta says the videos posted Saturday night “are unfortunately not a surprise”. “They add to threats and extortion attempts by an organized gang against Paul Pogba,” the statement read.

“The competent authorities in Italy and France were informed a month ago and there will be no further comment regarding the ongoing investigation.” Mathias Pogba, 32, posted videos in four languages promising “big revelations about (his) brother Paul Pogba and his agent Rafaela Pimenta”, who took over as head of the company from former agent Mino Raiola, who died in April.

He said the “the whole world, as well as my brother’s supporters, and even more the France team and Juventus, my brother’s teammates and his sponsors deserve to know certain things”. Also a professional footballer, Mathias Pogba said people needed to know what he knew to judge whether his brother “deserves his place in the France team and the honor of playing in the World Cup. If he deserves to start at Juventus.”

“All this is likely to be explosive”, he concludes without adding anything to his “revelations”. According to two sources close to the Pogba family contacted by ‘AFP’, large sums of money are demanded of Paul Pogba if he wants to avoid the distribution of allegedly compromising videos.

Paul Pogba, who won the World Cup with France in 2018, returned to Juventus on a free transfer this summer after six years at Manchester United, and is currently sidelined with a knee injury. The 29 year old player is expected to resume operations next month.

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NYS DOH Releases New License Application for Licensed Home Care Service Agencies | Holland & Knight LLP https://davegplus.com/nys-doh-releases-new-license-application-for-licensed-home-care-service-agencies-holland-knight-llp/ Thu, 25 Aug 2022 18:53:26 +0000 https://davegplus.com/nys-doh-releases-new-license-application-for-licensed-home-care-service-agencies-holland-knight-llp/ On August 17, 2022, the New York State Department of Health (DOH) released the long-awaited permit application for Licensed Home Care Service Agencies (LHCSAs) seeking approval in one of three categories: Initial Approval, Change of Ownership, and Restricted Approval Extension. The announcement included Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) addressing anticipated questions related to the application process, […]]]>

On August 17, 2022, the New York State Department of Health (DOH) released the long-awaited permit application for Licensed Home Care Service Agencies (LHCSAs) seeking approval in one of three categories: Initial Approval, Change of Ownership, and Restricted Approval Extension. The announcement included Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) addressing anticipated questions related to the application process, as well as a Dear Administrator Letter briefly summarizing the new public needs methodology and financial feasibility standards. This Holland & Knight alert provides a brief overview of the key components of the application and the licensing process.

Background

On April 1, 2018, the DOH issued a moratorium on processing and approving license applications for LHCSAs, with an expiration date of March 31, 2020. During the moratorium, Section 36 of the Public Health has been amended to consider public need and financial feasibility as part of the review process for applicants wishing to establish or own and operate an LHCSA. Although regulations were implemented to meet these requirements as of April 1, 2020 – concurrently with the expiration of the moratorium – the DOH was unable to issue a new request for authorization due to its focus on managing the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, no new application for authorization has been filed for more than four years. In the meantime, the proposed buyers and sellers have entered into management agreements, which are subject to DOH approval, to bridge the gap until full legal title to the LHCSA can be transferred to the LHCSA. ‘Buyer. Those seeking to establish new LHCSAs had their hands tied. With the new LHCSA license application finally released, existing LHCSA operators can apply for permission to sell or expand their business, and proposed operators can apply for permission to establish a new LHCSA.

The new LHCSA app

The new LHCSA application applies to applicants seeking approval of an establishment as a new LHCSA, those wishing to change ownership or control, and those wishing to extend the scope of their existing license, c i.e. agencies affiliated with Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRC), Medicaid Assisted Living Programs (ALP), Nurse-Family Partnerships (NFP), and Programs of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) (each an LHCSA restricted), and who are now looking to serve patients outside of the CCRC, ALP or NFP programs. Like most certificate of need applications for provider licenses in New York, including hospitals, ambulatory surgery centers, and diagnostic and treatment centers, the new application requires applicants to meet three criteria: need audience, affordability, and character and competence, which was part of the original licensing process.

  • public need. Applicants wishing to change ownership or control do not need to establish a public need if the LHCSA is actively serving at least 25 patients. In addition, a restricted LHCSA is exempt from demonstrating a public need if it only serves patients under its affiliated programs. All other applicants will need to overcome a rebuttable presumption that there is no public need for a new LHCSA or LHCSA extension where there are already at least five LHCSAs in the particular service area (i.e. say the county). Claimants can overcome the presumption by using evidence-based data to support their claim, such as “serious concern or difficulty accessing home care services due to minority status, age, medical history , the complexity of the case or the source of payment, as specified in [the regulations].”
  • Financial feasibility. Each applicant’s financial feasibility is determined based on DOH’s review of two criteria: 1) its available sources of working capital, with a minimum requirement of at least two months of estimated operating expenses, and 2) expected operating costs. To comply with the first requirement, the applicant will be required to submit a written plan identifying all funding sources that will support the LHCSA for at least two months after licensing, along with a table or description of anticipated operating expenses. , including salaries, office space, utilities, supplies and miscellaneous operating costs. If the applicant uses existing financial resources, they must submit their most recent balance sheet. If the applicant intends to provide working capital through equity contributions, each equity contributing member – including non-individual members – must submit personal financial statements. Funding may also be provided by a related or parent entity. In each case, a certified public accountant should be involved to review and confirm funding. To comply with the second requirement, the applicant will need to summarize its current operating costs (if any), estimated operating costs for the first year of operation and estimated operating costs for the third year of operation. operation.
  • Character and skill. The character and skills assessment consists of a detailed questionnaire that must be completed by all owners. The information disclosed includes educational background, work history, licenses held, affiliations with healthcare facilities inside and outside of New York City, and a legal action record. For applicants affiliated with out-of-state healthcare facilities, an out-of-state compliance review (i.e., review by the state agency overseeing the out-of-state entity State) must be completed and submitted to DOH.

Additional DOH Guidance

Many applicants submitted permit applications that were put on hold during the moratorium. These applicants will need to submit a new license application using the new application. In addition, new parent organizations that have been permitted to acquire an entity above the LHCSA operator during the moratorium using a no-control affidavit must submit a license application within 30 days of the publication of the application, together with the affidavit which was previously filed. with DOH.

Existing LHCSAs who wish to add or remove a service, service area, office address or undergo a name change do not need to file a new LHCSA application. Instead, they can complete a written request to the relevant regional office with a control List for treatment.

Some ownership transfers only require 90 or 120 days before to remark, depending on the type of entity undergoing the change. Specifically:

  • In the case of a Limited Liability Company (LLC) or a Limited Liability Company (LLP):
    • transfers of less than 10% to a New member or partner can be accomplished by submitting a notice 90 days prior to the effective date of the transfer
    • transfers below or above 10% to a existing member or partner can also be accomplished with 90 days notice, unless the member or partner has not been pre-approved by the Public Health and Health Planning Council (PHHPC) and the transfer places them above the 10% threshold, in which case a full application must be made filed
  • In the case of a company:
    • transfers of less than 10% to a New the shareholder needs a courtesy notice
    • transfers of less or more than 10% to an existing shareholder require 120 days notice unless the shareholder has not been pre-approved by PHHPC and the transfer places them above the 10% threshold, in which case a full application must be filed

Filing and review process

Applications must be filed electronically through the state’s Electronic Certificate of Need system (known as NYSE-CON) and still require a $2,000 non-refundable application fee. They are reviewed first by DOH staff and then by the PHHPC, whose members meet every two months in New York and Albany on a rotating schedule. According to the FAQ, applications are reviewed in the order in which they are recognized in the NYSE-CON system. If an application receives conditional approval from PHHPC, the applicant will be required to submit a policy and procedures manual to the appropriate regional office for review. Once deemed acceptable by the regional office, a pre-opening investigation will be scheduled and, if successful, a license will be issued. In the event of a change in ownership, the applicant can submit the LHCSA’s pre-approved Policy and Procedures Manual which the FAQ says will expedite the licensing process.

Next steps

Given the years-long suspension of the LHCSA licensing process, it is reasonable to conclude that the DOH will have its hands full in the coming months to consider applications from existing and potential owners of new LHCSAs. That said, it is important that candidates carefully read all documents published by DOH before filing to ensure that their application is as complete and raises as few questions as possible in order to avoid delays in approval. The FAQs and other documents posted provide valuable guidance, and the DOH makes itself available to answer specific questions, all of which will go a long way in assisting applicants through this process.

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