Published Sources – Dave G Plus http://davegplus.com/ Sun, 10 Oct 2021 04:36:24 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://davegplus.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/default-138x136.png Published Sources – Dave G Plus http://davegplus.com/ 32 32 Messaging app chat brings together a pool for Covid-19 misinformation, health news and top stories https://davegplus.com/messaging-app-chat-brings-together-a-pool-for-covid-19-misinformation-health-news-and-top-stories/ https://davegplus.com/messaging-app-chat-brings-together-a-pool-for-covid-19-misinformation-health-news-and-top-stories/#respond Sat, 09 Oct 2021 21:00:00 +0000 https://davegplus.com/messaging-app-chat-brings-together-a-pool-for-covid-19-misinformation-health-news-and-top-stories/ SINGAPORE – Editorial content producer Theophila Toh, 24, is on a mission to connect with members of anti-vaccination messaging groups and fight fake news there. She was inspired after a 65-year-old woman was hospitalized on October 1 after taking ivermectin – a drug used to treat parasitic infections – on the advice of her friends […]]]>

SINGAPORE – Editorial content producer Theophila Toh, 24, is on a mission to connect with members of anti-vaccination messaging groups and fight fake news there.

She was inspired after a 65-year-old woman was hospitalized on October 1 after taking ivermectin – a drug used to treat parasitic infections – on the advice of her friends at church who said it did. could protect her against Covid-19.

Ms Toh said she was worried about her father, 58, who had read about ivermectin online. She said: “The internet is inundated with different information, and sometimes it is all quite overwhelming. And it is difficult to understand what is real and what is not.”

Sunday Times checks have found at least 17 Telegram groups and channels broadcasting misinformation about Covid-19. Telegram groups allow members to exchange information while channels allow their creators to broadcast messages to their subscribers.

The groups have approximately 1,000 to 14,000 members each. Hundreds of messages about the safety and effectiveness of Covid-19 mRNA vaccines are sent daily to these groups and channels, with users sharing a deluge of newspaper articles, videos and anecdotes.

In the newsgroups to which she belongs, Ms. Toh joins in discussions where false information is shared.

She makes a point of responding with empathy and in a non-confrontational manner, then shares information from trusted sources such as peer-reviewed journals.

But academics told the Sunday Times that it was difficult to tackle false information about Covid-19.

This is due to the abundance of conflicting claims from healthcare professionals, readily available online and shared in social circles, and the anxiety over the growing number of cases in the community.

Dr Annabelle Chow, a clinical psychologist with a particular interest in geriatric issues, said older people are particularly vulnerable to misinformation about the side effects of vaccines and the potentially serious consequences that taking them could have.

She said: “With the recent spike in Covid-19 cases and the growing number of people hospitalized, those who did not believe in the vaccine’s effectiveness before are more likely to see this information as confirmation that the vaccine may not be. not be effective. “

In three Telegram groups, users encouraged others to educate themselves on the use of ivermectin to cure Covid-19 or to treat symptoms after vaccination, citing articles published by groups of doctors affiliated with important anti-vaccine organizations.

One user recommended the drug as a supplement to reduce or prevent suspected damage from mRNA vaccines.

The Health Sciences Authority has warned that using ivermectin without a doctor’s prescription is dangerous because the drug has not been proven as a treatment for Covid-19.

But some netizens argued that the hospitalized woman had to obtain the drug from an unreliable supplier or country, while others claimed her illness was due to taking the vaccine. Sinopharm.

A 65-year-old woman was hospitalized after taking ivermectin on the advice of her church friends who said it could protect her against Covid-19. PHOTO: COURTESY OF VANESSA KOH

Dr Carol Soon, senior researcher at the Institute of Policy Studies, said misinformation about injuries caused by vaccines and alternative treatments could be more compelling because they are presented as personal anecdotes.

“These anecdotes appeal to the emotions of people who are already in a heightened state as Singapore sees increasing numbers of people infected and deaths.”

NUS sociologist Tan Ern Ser said those who are convinced of the high risk and low efficacy of Covid-19 vaccines may have been emboldened to erode public confidence in vaccines because of conflicting claims made by medical scientists or doctors.

He noted that the findings on Covid-19, which is still in development, are understandably provisional.

Professor Lim Sun Sun, head of humanities, arts and social sciences at Singapore University of Technology and Design, said some of the messages about these groups are not necessarily misinformation, but could be misinformation. facts taken out of context and misinterpreted without medical expertise.

Closed newsgroups, such as those on WhatsApp, are another place of misinformation.

However, ignoring someone sharing false news about Covid-19 on a family group chat can be damaging, said Associate Professor Edson C. Tandoc Jr, director of the NTU Center for Information Integrity and Internet.

He said: “It is possible that some elderly people share information not because they believe it, but because they are not sure, and they are hoping that someone can verify this information for them.

“If no one says anything, they think the information shared is not a problem.”

Some seniors like business development director Denny Tian, ​​66, educate their peers to be more critical of news sources.

He said: “We are running virtual sessions to show the reality that vaccinated seniors live happily and not in fear.”


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The one dedicated to stuck Brian Stelter from CNN https://davegplus.com/the-one-dedicated-to-stuck-brian-stelter-from-cnn/ https://davegplus.com/the-one-dedicated-to-stuck-brian-stelter-from-cnn/#respond Fri, 08 Oct 2021 21:43:22 +0000 https://davegplus.com/the-one-dedicated-to-stuck-brian-stelter-from-cnn/ Everyone loves gossip, and no more than those of us who work in the industry. Welcome to Unreliable Sources, where you’ll find the juiciest scandals, shocking stories, and buzzing news that is currently circulating the halls of power across American culture. If you don’t have anything nice to say, come sit next to me … […]]]>

Everyone loves gossip, and no more than those of us who work in the industry. Welcome to Unreliable Sources, where you’ll find the juiciest scandals, shocking stories, and buzzing news that is currently circulating the halls of power across American culture. If you don’t have anything nice to say, come sit next to me …

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Humpty Dumpty was sitting on a wall…

Is there anyone more self-absorbed than Brian Stelter, presenter of CNN’s “Reliable Sources”?

Stuck-Up Stelter – aka “Humpty Dumpty,” according to Sean Hannity – even pisses his left-wing colleague with his “it’s all about me” style of journalism.

“I don’t think I’ve met anyone with an ego as big as Brian,” a CNN source whispered to Unreliable sources.

“When we moved from Columbus Circle to the new complex in Hudson Yards (New York), the joke was that we didn’t know if Brian’s ego would go through the door!”

This is a very harsh assessment of the self-proclaimed media czar. Thus, this column undertook a rigorous two-minute investigation to discover the real truth about Stuck-Up Stelter.

Exhibit A.

Unreliable sources turned to Stuck-Up Stelter’s insufferable nightly newscast this week, titled (incorrectly) “CNN’s trusted sources.” Here are our conclusions:

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It’s all about me

His signature in bold was highlighted in yellow – just in case, one, you missed his photo above, and two, you didn’t notice it was Stuck-Up Stelter writing the newsletter.

OK, so Stuck-Up Stelter can use the highlight on his Mac and like his name.

It’s all about me me

Instead of reporting the news from the media, Stuck-Up Stelter thinks he’s Hunter S. Thompson reincarnated and takes us on a gonzo journalism mission on Fox News’ 25th anniversary.

OK, so Stuck-Up Stelter thinks he’s one of the most iconic journalists in the business today.

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It’s all about me me me

“But for families who feel like they’ve been torn apart by Fox, it’s not a happy birthday,” writes Stuck-Up Stelter, relaxing us to be ready for his groundbreaking reporting.

“I asked Jen Senko about this because she made a movie called ‘Brainwashing My Father’ which she turned into a book of the same name, recently released this week.” Well, well , well, “she said, when I emailed her about the 25-year milestone.”

OK, so Stuck-Up Stelter knows how to send emails.

It’s all about me me me me

In the next paragraph, Stuck-Up Stelter takes it to a whole new level.

“In the report of my book“ HOAX… ”, he dribbled, with a hyperlink to buy the book from Simon & Schuster, his publisher.

We can’t help but wonder if this type of paid play is up to CNN’s standards and ethics? (Hint: it isn’t.)

OK, so Stuck-Up Stelter loves sneaky tussles.

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It’s all about me Me Me Me Me

Not content with fitting into the previous story, Stuck-Up Stelter went on to explain how underrated Fox News was when it debuted in 1996.

“The Fox cheerleaders a quarter of a century later still cite ‘naysayers’ like Bill Carter,” wrote Stuck-Up Stelter, referring to the former New York Times writer.

Take the opportunity to introduce yourself, once again!

“I was wondering how Carter, now a CNN media analyst, felt seeing his newly invoked old story, so I emailed him, and here is what he said: ‘The television landscape was obviously very different 25 years ago .. “” blah blah blah blah.

OK, so Stuck-Up Stelter is a really really good e-mailer.

Everything revolves around me Me Me Me Me Me

To top it off, Stuck-Up Stelter refers to a video of Fox’s first seven minutes on air, noting that his first day was “nothing like today.”

But instead of just linking to Twitter, Stuck Up-Stelter cited where it came from.

“My friend Pat Kiernan …”

He’s the weird-looking dude from NY1, who works alongside Stuck-Up Stelter’s wife, Ms. Stuck-Up, who, in case you didn’t read “Reliable Sources,” gets a mention in her husband’s nighttime handjob. .

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Everything revolves around me Me Me Me Me Me Me

To be doubly sure Unreliable sources didn’t unfairly characterize Stuck-Up Stelter, we took a look at another newsletter from earlier this week.

Exhibit B.

This time the newsletter was inked from the desk of Oliver Darcy, a poindexter-like character on the Stuck-Up Stelter team. Referring to the Facebook whistleblower and her appearance in Congress, he quoted the newsletter’s Ego-in-Chief:

Brian stelter writes: “Addiction appeared 15 times during the hearing, according to my tally and a transcript search. Lawmakers on both sides of the aisle said Facebook’s products were ‘addictive.’ Senator Amy Klobuchar When asked if Haugen thinks apps are purposefully designed to be addictive, she said the growth team’s ‘stickiness’ strategies “could be interpreted as things that facilitate addiction … “”

OK, so Stuck-Up Stelter can count and read.

Case closed.

Remember when this columnist told you about how Brian Williams, fired liar and former host of “NBC Nightly News” aka The Peacock Pinocchio was “peacock.” at 30 Rock?

His bragging displays are nothing compared to Stuck-Up Stelter, whose next-level narcissism takes over in the Peacocking Hall Of Shame.

You’ve got mail

It is said on the streets in Santa Barbara, Harry and Meghan’s new home, that the Royals, formerly known as Sussexes, are stars – just like us!

A neighbor neighbor recounted how Meghan slipped a note into her mailbox, asking if TRFKATS ‘firstborn, Archie, could have a date with that neighbor’s child.

How nice! Either way, either TRFKATS is trying to fit into the local community or they are just very lonely in the self-imposed exile of the monarchy.

No word if Meghan put her oft-praised calligraphy skills to work in drafting the press release.

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Blind object … Like, blind drunk

Before COVID, which investigative reporter would disappear for hours on end – so often his employer would forward him to see what he was doing?

Well, the marinated reporter was immersed in an investigation … into the many tastes of different beers at the pub down the street.

The Secret Tail photographed him camping for hours drinking pints and playing with his phone.

And then, of course, there were the secret visits to the massage parlor… and hey, let’s leave it at that.

Diller not in good shape

One person who won’t join Barry Diller in his Door Dash food delivery service… oops, his Dot Dash internet empire… is longtime SHAPE editor-in-chief Elizabeth Goodman Artis.

Widely regarded as one of magazine’s most talented editors, Elizabeth quit her job when the $ 2.7 billion sale of the Meredith Empire was announced.

“Hear from me,” she told her Facebook friends. “After taking the summer to travel a bit – the Caribbean, then California, then Martha’s Vineyard – and taking a lot of fun – sun, wine and way too much time on my phone – I’m delighted to report my next professional chapter! I am joining Revel Digital Collective as a new brand editorial consultant.

“Finally, grateful for the 7 years I have spent as editor-in-chief of SHAPE and proud of all the work the team has accomplished. I wish the brand and the company the best.

Congratulations to Elisabeth. Another one that bites the dust.


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Dust transport from northwest India, Pakistan and the Arabian Sea, the main sources of aerosols in the central Himalayan region | Odisha News | Latest Odisha News https://davegplus.com/dust-transport-from-northwest-india-pakistan-and-the-arabian-sea-the-main-sources-of-aerosols-in-the-central-himalayan-region-odisha-news-latest-odisha-news/ https://davegplus.com/dust-transport-from-northwest-india-pakistan-and-the-arabian-sea-the-main-sources-of-aerosols-in-the-central-himalayan-region-odisha-news-latest-odisha-news/#respond Thu, 07 Oct 2021 10:49:04 +0000 https://davegplus.com/dust-transport-from-northwest-india-pakistan-and-the-arabian-sea-the-main-sources-of-aerosols-in-the-central-himalayan-region-odisha-news-latest-odisha-news/ New Delhi: Mineral dust, biomass burning, secondary sulphate, secondary nitrate from Northwest India and Pakistan, polluted cities like Delhi, Thar Desert and the Sea region of Arabia, and long-distance mixed marine aerosols are the main sources of aerosols in the central Himalayan region, study shows. This dust transport and forest fires are the main sources […]]]>

New Delhi: Mineral dust, biomass burning, secondary sulphate, secondary nitrate from Northwest India and Pakistan, polluted cities like Delhi, Thar Desert and the Sea region of Arabia, and long-distance mixed marine aerosols are the main sources of aerosols in the central Himalayan region, study shows. This dust transport and forest fires are the main sources of total suspended particles (TSP), especially during the pre-monsoon period (March-May) when the concentration of TSP peaks in the region. The Air Pollution Source Distribution Study, which elucidates atmospheric chemistry, the origins of emission sources and aerosol transport pathways in the central Himalayan region, will help assess the contributions and temporal variability sources that influence the area through regional transport as well as climate impact assessment.

With a unique role in the Asian climate, the Himalayan region is considered a vulnerable environment. Several chemical speciation studies have been carried out for carbonaceous aerosols and inorganic species in the western and central Himalayan regions over the past decade, signaling the dominance of aerosol plumes transported from the Indo-Plains. gangetic. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding primary and secondary organic carbon fractions (POC, SOC), as well as a lack of statistical methods to identify and quantify the sources of air pollutants at a receiving location (receiving model) in the area. ‘Central Indian Himalayas. .

In order to solve this problem, researchers at the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital, an autonomous research institute under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India, with Indian and foreign collaborators, studied the chemical composition and distribution of sources of total suspended particulate matter (TSP, which includes all aerosols and air pollution) in the central region of the Himalayas. The main aerosol source regions at this remote location (Nainital) were the plains of northwest India and Pakistan, polluted cities like Delhi, the Thar Desert and the Arabian Sea region.

The study conducted by Mr. Rahul Sheoran (Ph.D. Student ARIES, Nainital, India), Dr. Umesh Chandra Dumka (Scientist, ARIES, Nainital, India), as well as the contributions of collaborators revealed that the main sources of The aerosols (factors) at Nainital were mineral dust (34%), biomass combustion (27%), secondary sulphates (20%), secondary nitrates (9%) and mixed marine aerosols transported over long distances ( 10%), showing distinct seasonal patterns. There was a predominance of mineral dust in spring and summer and combustion of biomass and secondary sulphate in winter. The source of transported mixed marine aerosols was mainly associated with the SW monsoon air masses during the summer season.

The results of the study published in the journal ‘Atmosphere show that carbonaceous aerosols (organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) were at their maximum in winter due to the intensification of biomass combustion on the Indo plains. -ganetics and the Himalayas due to home heating and shallower mixing layer. The researchers also suggested a significant effect of aerosols burning biomass, while the relatively high water-soluble organic carbon and significant contributions from the combustion of the biomass, secondary or aged organic aerosols on Nainital.

“Future research should focus more on characterizing the elemental composition of aerosols for the identification of specific combustion and natural sources (eg dust, local vs. transported),” added Dr Umesh Chandra Dumka.

“These preliminary results can complement emissions inventories and contribute to an effective assessment of climate impacts on the region,” adds Mr. Rahul Sheoran.


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Cong could organize CWC by end of month to discuss internal issues: sources https://davegplus.com/cong-could-organize-cwc-by-end-of-month-to-discuss-internal-issues-sources/ https://davegplus.com/cong-could-organize-cwc-by-end-of-month-to-discuss-internal-issues-sources/#respond Wed, 06 Oct 2021 19:19:55 +0000 https://davegplus.com/cong-could-organize-cwc-by-end-of-month-to-discuss-internal-issues-sources/ NEW DELHI, October 6: The congressional working committee is expected to meet by the end of the month amid calls from several leaders, including those of the G-23 splinter group, to hold internal deliberations on the “unrest” within the party and the multiple desertions that have taken place. take place, sources said on Wednesday. Although […]]]>

NEW DELHI, October 6: The congressional working committee is expected to meet by the end of the month amid calls from several leaders, including those of the G-23 splinter group, to hold internal deliberations on the “unrest” within the party and the multiple desertions that have taken place. take place, sources said on Wednesday.

Although no date has been set, the sources said the CWC, the party’s top decision-making body, could meet this month to discuss internal party issues.

Party sources said Sonia Gandhi had previously indicated that the CWC meeting would be called soon and internal issues would be discussed.

Senior party leaders Ghulam Nabi Azad and Kapil Sibal, who are part of a group of 23 leaders (G-23) seeking an organizational overhaul, have called for a CWC meeting to be called immediately to discuss the internal issues of the party like the wave of party defections and unrest in many state units, including the Punjab.

Azad had also written to party leader Sonia Gandhi in this regard, demanding that the CWC meeting be called. He said the party should welcome the suggestions and not delete them.

Sibal had also recently raised questions about the decision-making process within the party in the absence of a regular president and demanded a dialogue in which all top leaders would be heard.

While Azad and some other G-23 leaders are part of the CWC, Sibal is not.

Congress is also due to elect its new ordinary president and the timing of the elections will likely be discussed at the meeting. (PTI)


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Explained: What is Singapore’s controversial law to counter foreign interference? https://davegplus.com/explained-what-is-singapores-controversial-law-to-counter-foreign-interference/ https://davegplus.com/explained-what-is-singapores-controversial-law-to-counter-foreign-interference/#respond Wed, 06 Oct 2021 06:37:05 +0000 https://davegplus.com/explained-what-is-singapores-controversial-law-to-counter-foreign-interference/ Singapore passed a law aimed at strengthening the government’s capacity to “prevent, detect or disrupt” any foreign interference in domestic policy through “hostile information campaigns” and “the use of local proxies”. The Foreign Interference (Countermeasures) Bill, approved after a 10-hour debate in parliament on Monday, was first tabled on September 13 by Law and Home […]]]>

Singapore passed a law aimed at strengthening the government’s capacity to “prevent, detect or disrupt” any foreign interference in domestic policy through “hostile information campaigns” and “the use of local proxies”.

The Foreign Interference (Countermeasures) Bill, approved after a 10-hour debate in parliament on Monday, was first tabled on September 13 by Law and Home Affairs Minister K Shanmugam, of the ruling Popular Action Party.

“This is because the activities undertaken by foreign persons, and those acting on their behalf, can cause serious damage to Singapore’s national security, jeopardize Singapore’s military capabilities and security relations, threaten economic stability. Singapore and undermine Singapore’s political sovereignty and system of government, ”he added. Bill states.

What is the Foreign Interference (Countermeasures) Law?

The law gives the Singapore government the power to combat foreign interference through electronic communications, including online communications, which can influence citizens and act against the public interest.

The law identifies persons who could potentially pose a threat to the political sovereignty of the country if “the activities of the person are influenced by foreign principals”.

It would prevent, prevent and reduce foreign interference by “politically important persons”. The law states that those involved in Singapore’s political processes would be classified as politically significant persons and would be required to periodically disclose their sources of funding. “Heavier responsibilities fall on politically important people who are assessed as presenting a higher risk,” the bill says.

The law gives the Minister of the Interior the right to investigate, stop access or delete social media accounts, websites and internet applications and internet services.

FICA requires Singaporean newspapers and media, which publish articles on political issues, to disclose all information about any of their foreign authors or foreign entities on whose direction a particular article might be published in their journal, program d information or website.

The law has been widely criticized as a move against the Singapore government’s dissent. A statement issued by the Home Office said: “These provisions do not apply to Singaporeans expressing their own views on political matters, unless they are agents of a foreign principal. Singaporeans have the right to discuss politics. They also do not apply to foreign individuals or foreign publications that report or comment on Singapore politics in an open, transparent, and accountable manner, even though their comments may be critical of Singapore or the government.

What are hostile information campaigns under the law?

FICA says it will act against any foreign interference carried out through Hostile Information Campaigns (HIC).

By law, HICs are “highly sophisticated and secretive methods”. If an act is identified as HIC or considered to be a hostile information campaign, the government would have the power to direct internet services, social media applications, and websites to disclose information requested by authorities about an individual or company. organization “to determine whether harmful communications activity is undertaken by or on behalf of a foreign principal”.

The Home Secretary will have the power to instruct Internet intermediaries to block content, restrict accounts, stop reporting, and deactivate accounts. In the event of non-compliance by an internet intermediary with the instructions of the government, the law also gives the minister the right to block access to this internet intermediary.

FICA aims to stop the source of funding for “harmful online content that is undertaken by or on behalf of a foreign principal” and would require individuals and organizations who post harmful online content to return the funding to the source ” foreign ”funding or submit it to the authorities.

Who are politically important people and what does the law say about them?

Individuals and organizations directly associated with Singapore’s political process are, by law, politically important persons. These include political parties, political office holders, Members of Parliament, the Leader of the House, the Leader of the Opposition, election candidates and their agents.

The law states that politically important people would face countermeasures under FICA if there is foreign interference through donation, volunteerism, leadership, membership or affiliation.

FICA has moved beyond the Political Donations Act, which only prohibited candidates and election officials from receiving foreign donations, but FICA is reaching out to other politically important people as well.

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FICA requires politically important people to report donations over $ 10,000; keep separate accounts for political donations; not allow foreigners to volunteer in political activities; and disclose all associations with foreign entities.

How will foreign interference be punished?

Appeals against hostile information campaigns and politically important people would be heard by an independent review tribunal, not the country’s courts. The tribunal would be chaired by a sitting High Court judge and two people from outside the government appointed by the Home Secretary. Decisions rendered by the tribunal would be final.

According to the Singapore government, these cases would be heard in court and not in open court because they could involve “sensitive information with implications for national security”.

What are the criticisms of the law?

The ruling Popular Action Party has been accused of adopting the FICA as a measure against dissent and of suppressing the media.

A non-governmental organization fighting for media rights, Reporters Without Borders released a statement saying it was appalled that the Singapore government had proposed the bill. He said: “Under the pretext of defending national sovereignty, he [FICA] allow the government to designate any independent media as a foreign agent and censor its content.

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Daniel Bastard, head of the Asia-Pacific office of Reporters Without Borders, said: “Above all, under the pretext of preventing possible foreign influence on the state, this bill institutionalizes the persecution of any national entity that does not respect the line set by the government and the ruling party, starting with the independent media.

Human Rights Watch deputy Asia director Phil Robertson, according to The Guardian, said Singapore has used foreign influence in FICA as a “bogeyman to justify its increased persecution of opposition politicians, activists and activists. civil society and independent media ”.


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Whistleblower accuses Facebook of contributing to January 6 riot, Memo says https://davegplus.com/whistleblower-accuses-facebook-of-contributing-to-january-6-riot-memo-says/ https://davegplus.com/whistleblower-accuses-facebook-of-contributing-to-january-6-riot-memo-says/#respond Tue, 05 Oct 2021 17:55:30 +0000 https://davegplus.com/whistleblower-accuses-facebook-of-contributing-to-january-6-riot-memo-says/ “We will continue to be the subject of scrutiny – some righteous and some unjust,” he said in the note. “But we must also continue to hold our heads up high.” Here is Mr. Clegg’s memo in full: OUR POSITION ON POLARIZATION AND ELECTIONS You will have seen the series of articles about us published […]]]>

“We will continue to be the subject of scrutiny – some righteous and some unjust,” he said in the note. “But we must also continue to hold our heads up high.”

Here is Mr. Clegg’s memo in full:

OUR POSITION ON POLARIZATION AND ELECTIONS

You will have seen the series of articles about us published in the Wall Street Journal in recent days, and the public interest in it. This Sunday night, the ex-employee who leaked internal company material to the Journal will appear in a 60 Minutes segment on CBS. We understand that the article is likely to claim that we are contributing to polarization in the United States and suggest that the extraordinary steps we took for the 2020 election were relaxed too soon and contributed to the horrific events of January 6. at the Capitol.

I know some of you – especially those of you in the US – are going to have friends and family questions about these things, so I wanted to take a moment as we head into the weekend. end to provide what I hope is useful context on our work in these crucial areas.

Facebook and polarization

People are naturally worried about divisions in society and are looking for answers and ways to solve problems. Social media has had a big impact on society in recent years, and Facebook is often a place where much of this debate takes place. So it’s only natural for people to wonder if this is part of the problem. But the idea that Facebook is the main cause of the polarization is not supported by the facts – as Chris and Pratiti set out in their note on the matter earlier this year.

The rise of polarization has been the subject of much serious academic research in recent years. In truth, there is not much consensus. But the available evidence just doesn’t support the idea that Facebook, or social media more generally, is the primary cause of polarization.

The increase in political polarization in the United States predates social media by decades. If it were true that Facebook is the main cause of polarization, we would expect to see it increase wherever Facebook is popular. This is not the case. In fact, polarization has decreased in a number of countries with high social media use at the same time as it has increased in the United States.

Specifically, we expect reports to suggest that a change in Facebook’s news feed ranking algorithm was responsible for the rise in polarizing content on the platform. In January 2018, we made rank changes to promote Meaningful Social Interactions (MSI) – so you can see more content from friends, family, and groups you’re a part of in your News Feed. This change was strongly driven by internal and external research which showed that meaningful engagement with friends and family on our platform is better for people’s well-being, and we have refined and improved it over time. over time, as we do with all ranking metrics. Of course everyone has a rogue uncle or old school classmate who has strong or extreme opinions that we don’t agree with – that’s life – and change means you are too. more likely to stumble upon their posts. Despite this, we have developed cutting-edge tools to remove hateful content and reduce the distribution of problematic content. As a result, the prevalence of hate speech on our platform has now fallen to around 0.05%.

But the simple fact remains that changes to algorithmic ranking systems on a social media platform cannot account for broader societal polarization. Indeed, polarizing content and disinformation is also present on platforms that have no algorithmic ranking, including private messaging apps like iMessage and WhatsApp.

Elections and Democracy

There is perhaps no other topic on which we have spoken more as a company than our work to radically change the way we approach elections. From 2017, we started building new defenses, bringing in new expertise and strengthening our policies to prevent interference. Today we have over 40,000 people across the company working on safety and security.

Since 2017, we have disrupted and removed more than 150 covert influence operations, including ahead of major democratic elections. In 2020 alone, we deleted over 5 billion fake accounts, identifying almost all of them before anyone reported them to us. And, from March to Election Day, we removed more than 265,000 pieces of Facebook and Instagram content in the United States for violating our voter interference policies.

Given the extraordinary circumstances of holding a controversial pandemic election, we implemented so-called ‘glass-breaking’ measures – and spoke publicly about them – before and after Election Day to respond to the specific and unusual signals that we see on our platform and to keep the content of the broadcast susceptible to violating before our content reviewers can assess it against our policies.

These measures were not without compromise – they are blunt instruments designed to deal with specific crisis scenarios. It’s like closing the roads and highways of an entire city in response to a temporary threat that may be lurking somewhere in a particular neighborhood. By implementing them, we know we’ve impacted significant amounts of content that wasn’t breaking our rules to put people’s safety first during a time of extreme uncertainty. For example, we have restricted the distribution of live video that our systems believe could be election-related. It was an extreme step that helped prevent potentially violating content from going viral, but it also impacted a lot of completely normal and reasonable content, including some that had nothing to do with the election. We wouldn’t take that kind of rude, catch-all action under normal circumstances, but they weren’t under normal circumstances.

We only reversed these emergency measures – based on careful data-driven analysis – when we saw a return to more normal conditions. We left some of them for a longer period until February of this year and others, like not recommending civic, political or new groups, we decided to keep them permanently.

Fight hate groups and other dangerous organizations

I want to be absolutely clear: we are working to limit, not expand hate speech, and we have clear policies banning content that incites violence. We are not taking advantage of polarization, quite the contrary. We do not allow dangerous organizations, including militarized social movements or conspiratorial networks inciting violence, to organize on our platforms. And we remove content that praises or supports hate groups, terrorist organizations, and criminal groups.

We were more aggressive than any other Internet company in tackling harmful content, including content that sought to delegitimize the election. But our work to crack down on these hate groups has taken years. We removed tens of thousands of QAnon pages, groups, and accounts from our apps, removed the original #StopTheSteal group, and removed references to Stop the Steal before the launch. In 2020 alone, we removed over 30 million content that violated our terrorism policies and over 19 million content that violated our organized hate policies in 2020. We designated the Proud Boys as a hate organization by 2018 and we continue to remove praise, support and representation from them. Between August of last year and January 12 of this year, we identified nearly 900 militia organizations under our Dangerous Organizations and Individuals policy and deleted thousands of pages, groups, events, Facebook profiles and Instagram accounts associated with these groups.

This work will never be finished. There will always be new threats and new problems to solve, in the United States and around the world. This is why we remain vigilant and alert – and we always should.

This is also why the suggestion that is sometimes made that the violent January 6 insurgency would not have happened without social media is so misleading. To be clear, the responsibility for these events rests entirely with the perpetrators of the violence and with those in politics and elsewhere who actively encouraged them. Mature democracies in which the use of social media is prevalent run elections all the time – for example the elections in Germany last week – without the disfiguring presence of violence. We actively share with law enforcement material that we can find on our services related to these traumatic events. But reducing the complex reasons for polarization in America – or the insurgency in particular – to a technological explanation is woefully simplistic.

We will continue to be subject to scrutiny – some fair and some unfair. We will continue to be asked difficult questions. And many people will continue to be skeptical of our motives. This is what comes from being part of a company that has a significant impact in the world. We must be humble enough to accept criticism when it is right and to make change when it is right. We are not perfect and we do not have all the answers. That’s why we’re doing the kind of research that was the subject of these stories in the first place. And we’ll continue to look for ways to respond to the feedback we hear from our users, including testing ways to make sure political content doesn’t take over their feeds.

But we must also continue to hold our heads up high. You and your teams are doing an incredible job. Our tools and products have an extremely positive impact on the world and people’s lives. And you have every reason to be proud of this work.


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Exclusive: US Department of Justice investigates alleged manipulation of Platts references -sources https://davegplus.com/exclusive-us-department-of-justice-investigates-alleged-manipulation-of-platts-references-sources/ https://davegplus.com/exclusive-us-department-of-justice-investigates-alleged-manipulation-of-platts-references-sources/#respond Tue, 05 Oct 2021 00:46:00 +0000 https://davegplus.com/exclusive-us-department-of-justice-investigates-alleged-manipulation-of-platts-references-sources/ WASHINGTON, Oct.4 (Reuters) – The US Department of Justice is investigating suspected manipulation of energy price benchmarks published by S&P Global Platts, expanding the agency’s crackdown on malpractice in the global raw materials, according to four people familiar with the matter. Platts, based in London, is a data and news provider focused on energy, metals […]]]>

WASHINGTON, Oct.4 (Reuters) – The US Department of Justice is investigating suspected manipulation of energy price benchmarks published by S&P Global Platts, expanding the agency’s crackdown on malpractice in the global raw materials, according to four people familiar with the matter.

Platts, based in London, is a data and news provider focused on energy, metals and agricultural commodities. The company collects data from traders on their selling prices to determine a daily market price for a number of physical commodities.

U.S. prosecutors are investigating suspicious manipulative behavior by individual traders when submitting those prices to Platts’ price assessments for oil and other energy benchmarks, the four said, without specifying which ones.

The people declined to be named because the inquiries are not public.

By pushing the benchmark prices up or down, traders can increase their profits.

Over the past year, U.S. officials have reported two cases of alleged manipulation of Platts’ oil benchmarks by traders from two different companies, but prosecutors are now investigating similar behavior in the market, the officials said. sources.

The previously unreported industry-wide investigation opens a new front in the Justice Department’s crackdown on fraud, bribery and manipulation in the commodities market, increasing the issues for traders and businesses around the world who use Platts credentials daily to value billions of dollars. of contracts.

The sources said prosecutors are focusing on the behavior of traders and gave no indication of suspected wrongdoing by Platts.

Platts publishes its assessment methodology which includes checks to ensure data integrity, such as the appointment of an independent external auditor “to review and report on its adherence to this declared methodology,” according to its website.

In response to a request for comment from Reuters, Platts said it performs reviews to ensure the integrity of its price assessments. Platts publishes the data and correspondence used to determine a price assessment and provides that data to regulators on request, said Dave Ernsberger, global head of pricing and market intelligence for S&P Global Platts.

“We have spoken with US and global authorities in a variety of markets for many years,” Ernsberger said.

He declined to comment on any potential investigation.

A spokesperson for the Department of Justice declined to comment.

CONTROL OF GOODS

Over the past decade, authorities around the world have imposed multibillion-dollar fines and criminal charges against banks and traders for banding together to rig global benchmarks, including the Interbank Offered Rate. in London.

While US law enforcement prosecuted energy traders in the 2000s over benchmark rigging, in the years that followed manipulation of the commodities market was largely the domain of agencies. civil, including the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

Since 2019, however, the Department of Justice, in conjunction with the CFTC, has stepped up oversight of the commodities market through a specialized unit within its Washington-based fraud division. This unit has developed sophisticated data analysis tools to detect faults more quickly, Reuters reported Last year.

The unit initially focused on commodity futures spoofing, whereby futures traders place buy or sell orders that they intend to cancel in order to falsely create the impression of strong demand or supply. They then capitalize on the market reaction.

But the unit now has the tools and expertise to dig into other areas of the market, including industry benchmarks tapped by pricing agencies, one of the sources said.

The agency has also investigated some of the world’s largest energy trading companies for corruption, including Dutch trading giant Vitol.

This case and another recent case identified misconduct in relation to Platts’ credentials.

When settling the corruption charges with the Justice Department in December last year, Vitol also settled the related charges brought by the CFTC. As part of the settlement, Vitol paid a civil fine to the CFTC to resolve charges of attempted manipulation of two physical Platts oil credentials.

Vitol said at the time that he was committed to upholding the law and had cooperated “extensively” throughout the investigation. The company has neither admitted nor denied the CFTC’s allegations.

In March, a former Glencore Plc (GLEN.L) oil trader pleaded guilty to Justice Department charges of conspiring to manipulate the Platts benchmark for one type of oil.

The Justice Department alleged that from September 2012 to August 2016, Emilio Jose Heredia Collado asked his colleagues to place buy or sell orders during a Platts trade settlement window, key to evaluating the price of fuel oil, according to court documents.

Heredia has succeeded in influencing benchmark prices to benefit himself and his employers, the Justice Department said.

He is cooperating with an ongoing US investigation, authorities said in court files as late as August.

His lawyer did not respond to requests for comment. Glencore declined to comment.

“In both of these cases, regulators have neither charged Platts with wrongdoing nor provided evidence that attempts to manipulate our valuations were successful or that our valuations do not reflect market value,” Platts said in a statement.

Other commodity traders are under the control of the Ministry of Justice. Energy trader Gunvor Group said it was under investigation by U.S. authorities for bribery in Ecuador after a former employee pleaded guilty to bribery charges in April.

Reporting by Chris Prentice in Washington and Jody Godoy in New York Additional reporting by Clara Denina and Julia Payne in London Editing by Michelle Price and Matthew Lewis

Our standards: Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.


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The GCF plans to renew its partnership with the UNDP, in the framework of investigations into corruption https://davegplus.com/the-gcf-plans-to-renew-its-partnership-with-the-undp-in-the-framework-of-investigations-into-corruption/ https://davegplus.com/the-gcf-plans-to-renew-its-partnership-with-the-undp-in-the-framework-of-investigations-into-corruption/#respond Sun, 03 Oct 2021 23:01:33 +0000 https://davegplus.com/the-gcf-plans-to-renew-its-partnership-with-the-undp-in-the-framework-of-investigations-into-corruption/ Green Climate Fund board urged to re-accredit the UN development agency, despite unresolved corruption allegations against projects in Samoa and Armenia The United Nations Development Program is seeking to renew its partnership with the flagship United Nations climate fund under the shadow of unresolved corruption allegations in two of its projects. The Green Climate Fund […]]]>

Green Climate Fund board urged to re-accredit the UN development agency, despite unresolved corruption allegations against projects in Samoa and Armenia

The United Nations Development Program is seeking to renew its partnership with the flagship United Nations climate fund under the shadow of unresolved corruption allegations in two of its projects.

The Green Climate Fund was created to help poor countries reduce their emissions and cope with climate impacts. It depends on agencies like UNDP to carry out projects in poor countries.

The GCF accreditation panel recommends that the fund reconnect with the United Nations development agency, its biggest implementing partner, in a virtual board meeting this week, despite allegations corruption and concerns on the weak implementation of UNDP policies in its regional offices.

Documents for the meeting say corruption allegations have been raised against UNDP-led projects in Armenia and Samoa approved by the fund. The GCF is awaiting the outcome of a UNDP investigation into the complaints.

And donor countries continue to pressure UNDP to prove that corrective action has been taken over a long period. corruption scandal to one of its programs in Russia.

UK is looking for alliance to end public funding of coal, oil and gas projects abroad

Allegations embezzlement of millions of dollars in the program to promote energy efficiency in Russia, funded by the Global Environment Facility, seriously damaged the reputation of the agency.

A source with knowledge of the matter told Climate Home News that UNDP’s proposal to renew its accreditation with GCF was “cynical” and that the UN body should “get its house in order first.”

A UNDP spokesperson told Climate Home that the agency had followed “a thorough and transparent due diligence process as part of the re-accreditation process” and insisted that the allegations against its GEF-related programs had been the subject of a “thorough investigation”.

He added that the agency was “promptly implementing recommendations” in response to the case and strengthening its monitoring policies.

UNDP is the largest implementing partner of the GCF both in terms of the number of projects funded and the volume of funding obtained. By the end of July, the GCF Board of Directors had approved 35 UNDP projects around the world worth $ 2.4 billion.

Liane Schalatek, expert in climate finance with the Heinrich Boell Foundation and close observer of the GCF, described the re-accreditation of the UNDP as “difficult” given its role as “essential international implementing partner for GCF projects for further development. many developing countries ”.

The issue for this week’s GCF Board meeting is whether UNDP has strong enough systems and oversight across the organization to receive, investigate and act appropriately on allegations of corruption and mismanagement.

Information shared by sources with Climate Home indicates a culture of fraud cover-up and whistleblower protection, which they say has yet to be fully addressed.

What is Cop26 and why is this important? Your guide to the Glasgow climate summit

Six UNDP projects were on the GCF watchlist for close monitoring in July, according to fund documents.

A $ 66 million flood management project in Samoa, which Climate Home previously reported raised concerns among technical experts, and a $ 116 million project to improve energy efficiency in Armenia through retrofitting buildings had both been the subject of corruption allegations.

UNDP did not respond to specific questions about allegations of corruption in these projects.

A GCF spokesperson told Climate Home News the fund had “a zero tolerance policy towards integrity violations” and “worked closely with UNDP to ensure our projects are properly managed” .

He added that UNDP had been “fully transparent” during the review process and that the accreditation panel concluded that it was able to deal appropriately with allegations of professional misconduct.

Recommendations for re-accreditation were made on condition that the United Nations body deploys an anti-money laundering policy throughout the organization and demonstrates in 2024, through an independent study, that actions corrective measures have been implemented.

UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner (Photo: UNDP / Astrid Stawiarz / Flickr)

In July, UNDP Director Achim Steiner told the Board, in an update seen by Climate Home, that “UNDP – and I personally – have zero tolerance for any fraud, embezzlement or irregularity ”.

Yet nearly seven years after a whistleblower claimed that Russian officials award lucrative contracts to friends and family in the GEF-funded project, no one has yet been held publicly accountable. The full story of Russia’s decade-long program, which ended in 2017, has yet to be released.

a independent review published earlier this year concluded that the problems of weak governance were “systemic” and that “a number of individuals have been able to play with the governance systems and relatively weak technical capacities”. The case of the whistleblower was not dealt with in a satisfactory manner, he noted.

Steiner told the board that he had been given “a full view” of the issues and that individual responsibilities had been established. “Half a dozen” people still working for UNDP have received formal reprimands, including administrative leave while disciplinary action is underway, he said.

The power crisis in China could fuel anti-climate backlash, analysts warn

Among donors, some concerns remain about the ability of UNDP to deal with allegations of corruption.

After writing to Steiner for the first time in March 2020 to express their concerns, the Netherlands froze € 10 million from its annual voluntary contribution of € 30 million to UNDP, citing his dissatisfaction with the way UNDP responded to the allegations.

A spokesperson for the country’s foreign ministry told Climate Home that “UNDP should restore confidence that allegations of wrongdoing have been adequately investigated and that lessons are widely learned to avoid problems. similar in the future “.

TO a meeting of the GEF board in JuneKonrad Specker of Switzerland said his government shared “fundamental concerns” about UNDP. He added that the recommendations and policy changes “do not really address issues related to management behavior and organizational culture”.

“We believe that unless these issues are resolved, it remains to be seen to what extent the management actions taken will produce the real change on the ground that has been advocated,” he warned.


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The case of missing jobs https://davegplus.com/the-case-of-missing-jobs/ https://davegplus.com/the-case-of-missing-jobs/#respond Sun, 03 Oct 2021 07:11:07 +0000 https://davegplus.com/the-case-of-missing-jobs/ Has the number of jobs in Indian companies employing 10 or more people increased since 1947? This is what we call “obvious”. The answer is yes. Change the baseline year to 2013-14. The answer will always be yes, unless the economy has been devastated by war, famine or natural calamities. A vessel on a course, […]]]>

Has the number of jobs in Indian companies employing 10 or more people increased since 1947? This is what we call “obvious”. The answer is yes. Change the baseline year to 2013-14. The answer will always be yes, unless the economy has been devastated by war, famine or natural calamities. A vessel on a course, even without a firm hand at the helm, will, under normal circumstances, sail forward.

The real question is not whether total employment has increased since 2013-14, the last year of the UPA government. The BJP has pledged to create 2 million jobs per year. In seven years, their “skillful” management of the economy should have created 14 million new jobs in the formal and informal sectors, but this is not the case.

How many jobs?

A few days ago, the Ministry of Labor and Employment released a report on a survey of companies employing 10 or more workers in nine sectors that account for 85 percent of total employment (the formal sector). The report concluded that total employment was 3.08 crore compared to 2.37 crore in 2013-14 (sixth economic census), an increase of 71 lakh jobs in seven years. Extrapolating the number to cover other sectors, the increase would be, at most, 84 lakh jobs. The report does not appear to have covered the informal sector or the agricultural sector. The report claims the “most impressive growth” ranging from 22% (manufacturing) to 68% (transportation) to 152% (IT / BPO) – but, remember, all of that only adds up to 71 lakh jobs!

Since the government ended the periodic labor survey, we are forced to look for other sources. Data is important for, in the government’s words, “evidence-based policy making and statistic-based execution.”

Other credible data

The most credible are the employment and unemployment data collected and published by the Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). In a short note, Mr. Mahesh Vyas summarized the key findings from the data at the end of the third week of September 2021. I tried to capture them in a table:

The CMIE is right when it says that “India’s recovery after the Covid-19 blockages has been rapid, partial, exhausted …”. Mark the word exhausted. Bragging about any kind of recovery – V or whatever alphabet-shaped – misses the crux that unless you reach the full employment level achieved in 2019-2020 and surpass that level, the self – saying “recovery” is illusory.

People have to have jobs and the income that goes with them. Any economic “recovery” which does not restore the old level of employment, and does not exceed this level, is meaningless for the population. Technology, new machines, new processes, and artificial intelligence can bring growth, but if that growth doesn’t restore old jobs or create new jobs, we have a huge problem at hand. The government has stubbornly refused to acknowledge that India does indeed have such a problem; it is even less willing to take action to address this problem.

Shrinkage force, slip rate

Another serious problem is the shrinking workforce. Both the labor force participation rate (LFPR) and the employment rate in August 2021 are significantly lower than the corresponding rates in February 2020 (see table). The logical conclusion is that a significant number of people have withdrawn from the labor market (i.e. they have stopped looking for a job) and the number of people working (employed) has also decreased. Unless these two ratios are reversed, there is no way to quickly double the size of GDP or outperform larger economies like Germany or Japan.

The CMIE also calculated the net cumulative increase in total employment between September 2020 and September 2021: this is a meager 44,483. Jobs have been and are being lost; new jobs are created; but if the net increase over 12 months is only 44,483, what does it say about the management of the economy and the pompous claims of ministers and economic advisers? Mr. Vyas observes, correctly, that this “indicates a premature exhaustion of the collection process. This is serious because while the creation of additional jobs has stalled, the flow of additions to the stock of working-age population continues ”.

There are more depressing conclusions if we subject the data to a gender-based analysis; or look at the numbers through a rural vs urban lens; or examine the “quality” of jobs. The agricultural sector was the savior. It absorbed an additional labor force of around 46 lakhs between March 2020 and August 2021, but rural India lost 65 lakhs of non-farm jobs during the same period. People have moved from non-farm jobs to farm jobs, but it may just be disguised unemployment.

I want the Prime Minister to address the issues of unemployment and employment in his next Mann ki baat. Let him throw away the sanitized and summary reports from the Department of Finance and talk to real people who have lost their jobs and to young people who are desperate for jobs. They can tell him bitter truths.


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Treating beef like charcoal would dramatically reduce greenhouse gas emissions https://davegplus.com/treating-beef-like-charcoal-would-dramatically-reduce-greenhouse-gas-emissions/ https://davegplus.com/treating-beef-like-charcoal-would-dramatically-reduce-greenhouse-gas-emissions/#respond Fri, 01 Oct 2021 23:56:03 +0000 https://davegplus.com/treating-beef-like-charcoal-would-dramatically-reduce-greenhouse-gas-emissions/ October 2, 2021 FEW DISH sharpen the palate more than a juicy cut of beef. A poll in 2014 found steak to be Americans’ favorite food. Unfortunately, by cooking so many cows, humans also cook themselves. Listen to this story Your browser does not support the item . Enjoy more audio and podcasts on ios […]]]>

FEW DISH sharpen the palate more than a juicy cut of beef. A poll in 2014 found steak to be Americans’ favorite food. Unfortunately, by cooking so many cows, humans also cook themselves.

Listen to this story

Enjoy more audio and podcasts on ios Where Android.

The impact of food on greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions can go under the radar. In a survey carried out in Britain last year, the proportion of respondents who said “on-farm plant and meat production” was a “significant contributor” to climate change was the lowest among the ten activities listed . Yet two articles published this year in Natural food find that food, especially beef, creates more GHGs than previously thought. Giving up on steaks can be one of the most effective ways to reduce your carbon footprint.

In 2019, the UNThe Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has estimated that the global food system is responsible for 21-37% of GHG emissions. In March, researchers from the European Commission and UNThe Food and Agriculture Office released a study with a central estimate near the top of that range. He attributed 34% of GHGs produced in 2015 for food.

This high share is partly explained by accounting choices. The document attributes the full impact of deforestation to the resulting agriculture; includes emissions after the sale of food (such as from waste and cooking); and counts non-food crops such as cotton. But even when the authors excluded integrated emissions from sources such as transport and packaging, they still found that agriculture generated 24% of GHGs. According to the World Resources Institute, a research group, cars, trains, boats and planes produce a total of 16%.

Another recent article, written by Xiaoming Xu of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and eight co-authors, breaks this impact down among 171 crops and 16 animal products. He finds that food of animal origin represents 57% of agricultural products GHGs, against 29% for foods of plant origin. Beef and cow’s milk alone accounted for 34%. Combined with the results of the previous study, this implies that cattle produce 12% of GHG emissions.

Compared to other food sources, beef is particularly high in carbon. Because cattle emit methane and need large pastures which are often created by deforestation, they produce seven times more GHGs per calorie of meat like pigs do, and about 40% more than farmed shrimp. This makes beef a more significant outlier among foods than coal among electricity sources: burning coal only generates 14% more GHGs than the combustion of petroleum, another common fuel.

These figures may underestimate the environmental benefits of declining cattle numbers. Methane dissipates relatively quickly, which means past cattle emissions soon stop warming the planet if these animals are not replaced. Such a change could also increase the production of plant-based foods, making the land currently used for growing animal feed available for other crops. It takes 33 vegetable calories to produce one calorie of beef.

The easiest way to reduce beef production is for people to eat other animals instead, or go vegetarians. But convincing carnivores to give up their burgers is a tall order. Fortunately, lab-grown meats are moving from petri dishes to high-end restaurants (see Technology Quarterly). Going without beef from live cattle is hard to imagine, but so was coal 100 years ago. Cultivated meat could play a vital role in averting a climate catastrophe.

Correction (October 1, 2021): A previous version of this article stated that coal emits 34 times more CO2 per unit of energy than hydropower. The correct number is 24 times. sorry

Sources: “Food systems are responsible for a third of global anthropogenic GHG emissions”, by Crippa et al., 2021; “Global greenhouse gas emissions from foods of animal origin are double those from foods of plant origin”, by Xu et al., 2021; Quantis; Heller et al., 2018; J. Poore and T. Nemecek, 2018; The World Resources Institute; Pehl et al., 2017; IPCC AR5; Our world in data

This article appeared in the Graphic Detail section of the print edition under the title “Le boeuf au boeuf”


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