June 2022 Global #Climate Assessment — NOAA – Coyote Gulch

Globally, June 2022 was the sixth hottest June in the 143-year NOAA record. The year-to-date global surface temperature (January-June) was also the sixth warmest on record. According to the NCEI’s Global Annual Temperature Outlook, there is a greater than 99% chance that 2022 will rank among the 10 hottest years on record, but only an 11% chance that it will rank in the top five.

This monthly summary, developed by scientists at NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information, is part of the suite of climate services NOAA provides to governments, businesses, universities and the public to support informed decision-making.

Monthly global temperature

June’s global surface temperature was 1.57°F (0.87°C) above the 20th century average of 59.9°F (15.5°C). This is the sixth hottest June in the 143-year record. June 2022 marked the 46th consecutive June and 450th consecutive month with temperatures, at least nominally, above the 20th century average. The ten warmest Junes on record have all occurred since 2010.

The Northern Hemisphere land surface temperature in June was 1.56°C (2.81°F) above average, making it the second warmest on record after June 2021. Europe experienced its second hottest June on record, largely due to an unusually early heatwave. heat wave coming from North Africa. Spain and France recorded temperatures not usually seen until July or August, breaking many temperature records for the month. Asia also experienced its second hottest June on record.

Temperatures were above average across most of North America, Europe and Asia and parts of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and western and northern of Oceania. Parts of China, the Middle East and North Africa experienced record high temperatures in June. Sea surface temperatures were above average over much of the northern, western and southwestern Pacific, as well as parts of the eastern Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

Temperatures were near or below average in parts of western and southern South America and small areas of eastern Australia, western Russia and eastern Southern Africa. Consistent with La Niña, sea surface temperatures were below average over much of the south-central, central and eastern tropical Pacific. There were no areas with record temperatures in June in 2022.

sea ​​ice

Globally, June 2022 saw the second lowest June sea ice extent on record. Only June 2019 had a smaller sea ice extent.

June 2022 Arctic (left) and Antarctic (right) sea ice extent. Courtesy of NSIDC and NOAA.

The extent of Arctic sea ice in June averaged 4.19 million square miles, or 347,000 square miles – roughly the size of Sweden, Norway and Denmark combined – below the average of 1981-2010 and the 10th smallest June extent in a record 44 years. Regional sea ice extent was below average in the Barents, Chukchi, East Siberian and Kara Seas and Hudson Bay, according to an analysis by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). , while conditions in Baffin Bay were near normal. The 10 smallest extents of Arctic sea ice in June have occurred since 2010.

Antarctic sea ice extent in June was at a record high of 4.68 million square miles, about 471,000 square miles below average. After below average Antarctic sea ice extent in May, sea ice growth in June was slower than average.

Global tropical cyclones

June 2022 produced five named storms around the world, which is near-normal activity for June. Only one, Hurricane Blas, reached tropical cyclone strength (74 mph) in June, but two storms that formed in June then reached cyclone strength in July. Global cyclone activity from January to June remains near normal by most measures.

Although only a tropical storm for about 30 hours, Tropical Storm Alex was the first named storm of the season in the Atlantic. The Eastern Pacific had two named storms in June, which is near average activity. The Western Pacific, which has seen below-average activity year-to-date, has seen just one named storm this month.

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