Parts of the Buffalo shooter’s alleged screed were copied from other sources: NPR

Investigators are working at the scene of a shooting at a supermarket in Buffalo, New York, on Monday.

Matt Rourke/AP

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Matt Rourke/AP

Investigators are working at the scene of a shooting at a supermarket in Buffalo, New York, on Monday.

Matt Rourke/AP

Following the mass shooting at a grocery store in a predominantly black neighborhood of Buffalo, New York, investigators said they were reviewing a document posted online filled with rants about race and gender. replacement theory.

The 180-page document, believed to have been authored by the Buffalo shooter, included portions taken from other sources, according to an analysis by NPR. Experts say this kind of mimicry is very common among mass shooters.

“It’s not uncommon, especially in the neofascist space, for people to take other people’s work and somehow get away with it,” Matt Kriner, senior fellow at the Middlebury Institute. Center on Terrorism, Extremism and Counterterrorismtold NPR.

Kriner disputed claims that the shooter’s document was full of plagiarized material and instead said the shooter copied it.

What the Buffalo shooter did with his copy was “transferring ideas from one violent actor to another,” Kriner said.

“So when we analyze it, what we’re looking for is how directly does this narrative go to justifying the violence he carried out in Buffalo? And how closely does that align with justifying the violence we saw in Christchurch and elsewhere,” he added.

The 180-page document details how an attack would be carried out, even explaining why the shooter chose Tops grocery store.

Detailed in the document, the shooter refers to what is called the “great substitute” – a white supremacist conspiracy theory who argues that people of color are being brought into the United States and other Western countries to overtake and “replace” white voters.

The shooter who killed 51 worshipers in Christchurch, New Zealand, at a mosque in 2019 also believed that same theory; the suspected Buffalo grocery shooter says the shooter in New Zealand was inspirational.

Heather Williams, a senior policy researcher at the RAND Corporation, told NPR that the white supremacist movement today is simply “post-organizational.”

“Most of those who attribute to these types of violent extremism do not clearly associate themselves with an organized group. This, combined with the fact that they may self-radicalize from the internet, complicates prevention,” said Williams. “It is difficult for law enforcement or others to identify that someone is contemplating or planning an act of violent extremism, and to prevent that event before it happens.”

The 18-year-old suspect has been charged with first-degree murder, as authorities say they are investigating the Buffalo attack as a racially motivated hate crime and are considering a terrorism charge.

the FBIseparately, is investigating the incident as a hate crime and racially motivated violent extremism.

The similarity between the alleged Buffalo shooter’s document and those of other extremists left Kriner worried.

“I think we’ll probably see other people popping up and doing something like that, maybe quoting it, maybe quoting Christchurch again, and what we’re probably going to see is they’re kind of very similar in terms of what images they put on their guns and themselves, what they say why they do it and the manifestos they write,” he said. “I think the first thing we can do now is identify the actors for who they are.”

NPR’s Rina Torchinsky contributed to this report.

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